Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form in or on the ovaries. Most of the time they form as the result of your menstrual cycle. Cysts belong to several categories:
These cysts are just part of your normal menstrual cycle.
After your ovary releases an egg, the egg matures inside a follicle. If the follicle doesn’t release the egg like it’s supposed to, a follicle cyst will form. These cysts typically go away after one to three cycles.
Once the follicle releases an egg, it’s supposed to close back up and prepare for the next egg. If it fills up with fluid instead, it forms a cyst. Most of the time, these cysts remedy themselves after a few weeks.
Nonfunctional cysts aren’t related to a woman’s menstrual cycle. When a woman’s body produces an abnormal number of cysts, she may develop polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). In rare cases, nonfunctional cysts may indicate cancer. Other types of nonfunctional cysts:
Symptoms of ovarian cysts are similar to other gynecologic problems, so it’s important to check in with Dr. Salom or Dr. Tangir if you have any concerns. Further testing is required to verify whether or not ovarian cysts exist. Common symptoms include:
In extreme cases, symptoms of ovarian torsion (twisting) or a ruptured twist may develop, which is considered an emergency:
Most cysts are harmless and will clear up on their own. However, if they cause discomfort, don’t go away, or get bigger, Dr. Salom or Dr. Tangir may suggest treatment. Treatment options include:
Treatment for your ovarian cysts is only a phone call away. Contact the Center today to schedule an evaluation.