Ovarian Cyst

Ovarian Cyst Specialist
The pain and discomfort associated with ovarian cysts can reduce your quality of life. As gynecologic oncologists, Emery M. Salom, MD, Jonathan Black, MD, MPH, or Jacob Tangir, MD know exactly how to raise that quality with the most effective treatments possible. If you suffer from ovarian cysts and you live in the Hollywood, Miramar, Plantation, or Hialeah, Florida areas, call The Center for Gynecologic Oncology to schedule an evaluation and discuss treatment options.

Ovarian Cyst Q & A

What is an ovarian cyst?

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form in or on the ovaries. Most of the time they form as the result of your menstrual cycle. Cysts belong to several categories:  

Functional

These cysts are just part of your normal menstrual cycle.

Follicle

After your ovary releases an egg, the egg matures inside a follicle. If the follicle doesn’t release the egg like it’s supposed to, a follicle cyst will form. These cysts typically go away after one to three cycles.

Corpus Luteum

Once the follicle releases an egg, it’s supposed to close back up and prepare for the next egg. If it fills up with fluid instead, it forms a cyst. Most of the time, these cysts remedy themselves after a few weeks.

Nonfunctional

Nonfunctional cysts aren’t related to a woman’s menstrual cycle. When a woman’s body produces an abnormal number of cysts, she may develop polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). In rare cases, nonfunctional cysts may indicate cancer. Other types of nonfunctional cysts:

  • Dermoid cyst, which are formed by embryonic cells that contain hair, skin, or teeth tissue
  • Cystadenoma, a mucous-filled cyst that develops on the ovary
  • Endometrioma, where endometrial tissue attaches to the ovary and forms a cyst

What are the symptoms of ovarian cysts?

Symptoms of ovarian cysts are similar to other gynecologic problems, so it’s important to check in with Dr. Salom or Dr. Tangir if you have any concerns. Further testing is required to verify whether or not ovarian cysts exist. Common symptoms include:

  • Belly pain or pressure
  • Bloating
  • Swelling

In extreme cases, symptoms of ovarian torsion (twisting) or a ruptured twist may develop, which is considered an emergency:

  • Sudden onset of severe abdomen pain
  • Pain accompanied by fever and vomiting
  • Dizziness, lethargy, feeling faint
  • Quickened breathing
  • Cold, clammy skin

What treatment options are available?

Most cysts are harmless and will clear up on their own. However, if they cause discomfort, don’t go away, or get bigger, Dr. Salom or Dr. Tangir may suggest treatment. Treatment options include:

  • Pain medication for discomfort
  • Birth control for hormone regulation
  • Watchful waiting to monitor your cyst at regular intervals
  • Laparotomy to remove cancerous cysts through a larger incision in the abdomen
  • Laparoscopy to remove smaller cysts through a tiny incision near the belly button

Treatment for your ovarian cysts is only a phone call away. Contact the Center today to schedule an evaluation.

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